LAUNCH EVENT: EAT-Lancet report
- First peer reviewed report of its kind, looking at the global perspective of food, connecting different angles from health to environment
- This event was to a) shortly present the report and b) hear in a panel discussion about different dimensions of implications.
- #foodcanfixit #EATlancet
PRESENTATION OF THE REPORT
Brent Loken, Lead/Co-Author, EAT Lancet report (summary here)
- Report sets high-level global targets; the next stage would be to break it down to country level
- The world is off track to meet all global nutrition targets
- The report tries to answer how to feed 10bn people by 2050 considering two dimensions: 1) health (nutrients needed) and 2) sustainability (define planetary boundaries: GHG, cropland use, water use, nitrogen and phosphorus application, extinction rate)
- Food: Some parts of the world are dramatically over-consuming (mainly meat) and others are under-consuming most elements of a healthy diet
- We have to win on / keep within all below boundaries
- We can get there: feed every single person a healthy diet and do it within our environmental limits – shifting diets, halving waste and optimize production practices >> ALL of them, not just one or two!
How to achieve this?
- Strategy 1: Seek international and national commitment to shift towards healthy diets
- Strategy 2: Reorient priorities from producing high quantities of food towards healthy food > more fruits and veggies and much less meat
- Strategy 3: Sustainably intensify food production to increase high-quality output: more efficiency, climate mitigation options etc.. Global food system must become net carbon sink from 2040 onwards to achieve negative emissions globally as per Paris Agreement
- Strategy 4: Strong and coordinated governance of land and oceans
- Strategy 5: At least halve food losses and waste
- WE NEED TO CHANGE GLOBAL FOOD SYSTEM otherwise we will fail to meet UN SDGs and Paris Agreement and thus exceed our planetary boundaries
- Report is promoting an omnivore diet, not a vegan or vegetarian diet
- Dr. Modi Mwatssama, Senior Science Lead, Wellcome Trust: Governments should translate report into local guidelines and policies
- Dr. Francesco Branca, Director Nutrition for Health and Development, WHO: Healthy diet is not a punishment, it’s great for us and for the planet
- Dr Shirley Tarawali, Assistant Director General, ILRI: Livestock food is necessary for low middle income countries and a healthy diet. In developing and emerging economies, the report translates to eating a little more meat and dairy products, livestock > income, manure, etc.
- Gerda Verburg - UN under Secretary General: Food is the problem and can be the number one solution to climate change. Can we have a COP for climate change, food and health? How many SDGs does Food affect?